Before you bring your new puppy home, you will want to be prepared by "puppy proofing" your home, buying supplies and equipment, learning about grooming, vaccinations and housetraining.
PUPPY PROOFING YOUR HOME
Puppies learn, like babies, by putting everything in their mouth. Remember- If it is dangerous for a child, it is just as dangerous for your puppy.
Some suggestions to help in making sure your home safe for your new puppy:
* Make sure all poisonous items are stored out of the puppy's reach.
* Check to see if your plants are toxic to your puppy. Some common household plants are poisonous to pets. Some of these are listed at http://dogpatch.org/plants.html or your vet might be able to provide you with a complete list.
* A baby gate will provide a way to confine the puppy in a small area, when you do not want him underfoot or are unable to watch him carefully.
* All wiring and cords put out of reach behind furniture, or encased in hard plastic flexible tubing (available at hardware stores, can be cut to size)
* Anything small enough to be swallowed (pennies, bounce balls, shoelaces or string, bits of paper, small toy parts, buttons, nuts, bolts, wire etc.) should be removed from the floor.
Supplies you will need before bringing your new Puppy home
FEEDING YOUR PUPPY
Your puppy should be eating a high quality food formulated for small breeds when it comes home with you. We provide our new puppy parents with a starter pack to take home. This food is a high quality puppy food formulated for the high energy and nutritional need of your new puppy.
Keep the dry food available at all times. After the puppy is a little older, you can switch to feeding 3-4 times per day instead of keeping it out all day. Refrain from giving your puppy people food. This is not good for them and will only keep them from eating their own food which is important to their health.
If you decide to switch to another brand of food, do it gradually, mixing in a little more of the other food each day.
Yorkshire terriers have a non-shedding coat that is hypo-allergenic. People with allergies and asthma can frequently keep yorkies as they have hair like people instead of fur. They are easy to keep clean and don't have that "doggy odor" that other dogs can get. Yorkies are beautiful in their long flowing coat and if you don't have the time to keep them in the long coat they look adorable in a puppy cut or a modified schnauzer or westie cut.
Either crate training or litter box training can be used for Yorkies successfully.
We have several clients who’s dogs stay in our boarding house that have been littler box trained and this method works very well for them. Many reasons being, yorkies are so small that when it is raining or snowing they can get buried in a puddle or the snow quite easily. You can find helpful information on crate training and potty training at these pet friendly web sites:
Yorkies, like many toy dogs, have a tendency to retain their puppy teeth. At around 5 months of age they will have most of their adult teeth. If they have not lost their baby teeth, their teeth will be crowded and out of alignment. The overlapping teeth allow bacteria and tartar to build rapidly which can lead to bad breath and premature loss of
teeth. Talk with your Veterinarian about having the baby teeth removed in this situation. Talk to your Vet about dental care for your Yorkie. Good dental care is important to their overall health.
At the same time that the puppy is under anesthesia for the teeth to be removed is a good time to spay or neuter. This saves the puppy from having to have anesthesia twice. Talk to your Vet about important health issues that are good reasons to neuter or spay.
When you take your puppy to your Vet for its initial health check, you will want to discuss with him when he recommends the next shot or vaccination. Puppies are born with some immunities from the Dam that last for a short period of time, but this immunity wears off at different ages for different puppies, so it is important to continue the vaccinations that your breeder has begun and follow your Vet's recommendations.
Hypoglycemia sometimes happens to puppies when they are stressed, overly tired, not eating often enough or are ill.
Hypoglycemia, low blood sugar, is a disorder that occurs mainly in small breed puppies between six and twelve weeks of age. It is often precipitated by stress and can occur without warning. It might appear after the puppy misses a meal, chills, becomes exhausted from playing, or has a digestive upset. These upsets place an added strain on its energy reserves and bring on the symptoms.
Hypoglycemia is a real threat to these tiny puppies, watch for your puppy to become tired or droopy. The first signs are those of listlessness and depression. They are followed by muscular weakness, tremors, and later convulsions, coma and even death. The puppy may appear depressed or may be weak, wobbly and jerky, or the puppy may be found in a coma.
If your puppy has any symptoms of hypoglycemia you must act fast. If the puppy is awake, give it Nurtical, honey, or Karo syrup by mouth. You should see signs of improvement in thirty minutes. If no improvement, then call your veterinarian at once.
Prevent Hypoglycemia from happening by allowing only twenty minutes of play at a time, followed by rest or sleep. Do not allow the puppy to overtire at first. Supervise closely with children to make sure puppy is getting enough rest. Keep puppy warm, don't let it become chilled. Your Yorkie puppy is a house dog and should not be living outdoors.
See that puppy eats at least every eight hours. More often if he is very small. Keep dry food and water available at all times. You can give 1/2 teaspoon of Nutrical or honey morning and night for the first couple of days to help prevent the low blood sugar that can come with the excitement and stress of going to a new home.
Yorkies sometimes develop patella problems as in many of the "toy" breeds, this is called patella luxation , or slipping kneecaps. Severe cases can be operated on successfully and the best person to talk to is your Veterinarian. Take care of your puppy by keeping him or her trim and fit and never allow a young puppy to jump down from steps, beds or furniture.
Collapsing trachea can occur in small dogs. The use of a harness instead of a collar will help to prevent damage to their throat.